Diabetes | Type 1 Diabetes | Type 2 Diabetes | MedlinePlus


diabetes article

Some people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. With type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to insulin and doesn't use insulin as well as it should. Not all people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. There are other causes of diabetes, and some people cannot be classified as type 1 or type 2. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too wilrdmanssa.gqe comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the . The Diabetes page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine.

Diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

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Please see our privacy policy for more information. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. In the United States, the estimated number of people over 18 years of age with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes is The figure represents between Without ongoing, careful management, diabetes can lead to a buildup of sugars in the blood, which can increase the risk of dangerous complications, including stroke and heart disease.

Different kinds of diabetes can occur, and managing the condition depends on the type. Not all forms of diabetes stem from a person being overweight diabetes article leading an inactive lifestyle, diabetes article. In fact, some are present from childhood. Type I diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, this type occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive.

Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes affects the way the diabetes article uses insulin. While the body still makes insulin, unlike in type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did. This is the most common type of diabetes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and it has strong links with obesity.

Gestational diabetes: This type occurs in women during pregnancy when the body can become less sensitive to insulin.

Gestational diabetes does not occur in all women and usually resolves after giving birth. Click here to learn more about type I diabetes. The prediabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. People with diabetes article are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they do not usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes, diabetes article.

If a doctor identifies that a person has prediabetes, they will recommend that the individual makes healthful changes that can ideally stop the progression to type 2 diabetes. Diabetes article weight and having a more healthful diet can often help prevent the disease. Doctors do not know the exact causes of type I diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, also known as insulin resistancehas clearer causes. Insulin allows the glucose from a person's food to access the cells in their body to supply energy, diabetes article.

Insulin resistance is usually a result of the following cycle:, diabetes article. In the case of type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance takes place gradually.

This is why doctors often recommend making lifestyle changes in an attempt to slow or reverse this cycle. Learn more about the function of insulin by clicking here. If a doctor diagnoses a person with type 2 diabetes, they will often diabetes article making lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health.

A doctor may refer a person with diabetes or prediabetes to a nutritionist. A specialist can help a person with diabetes lead an active, balanced lifestyle and manage the condition. People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index BMIwhich can help some people with type 2 diabetes manage the condition without medication. People with diabetes article I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels from becoming too high.

Various types of insulin are available, and most are grouped by how long their effect lasts. There are rapid, regular, intermediate, diabetes article, and long-acting insulins. Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels. Some people may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types.

Whatever the type, a person will usually check their blood glucose diabetes article using a fingerstick. Diabetes article method of diabetes article blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a glucometer. A person with diabetes article I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need. Self-monitoring is diabetes article only way a person can diabetes article out their blood sugar levels.

Assuming the level from any physical symptoms that occur may be dangerous unless a person suspects extremely low glucose and thinks diabetes article need a rapid dose of glucose. The discovery of diabetes article was fascinating and controversial.

Click here to learn more, diabetes article. Insulin helps people with diabetes live an active lifestyle. However, it can lead to serious side effects, especially if a person administers too much, diabetes article. Excessive insulin can cause hypoglycemiaor extremely low blood sugar, and lead to nausea, sweating, and shaking. It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible.

In addition to insulin, other types of medication are available that can help a diabetes article to manage their condition. As well as diabetes, a person may also have other health risks, diabetes article, and they may need medication to control these. A doctor will advise the individual about their needs. Innew guidelines also recommended prescribing additional drugs for people with:. For those with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and a high risk of heart failurethe guidelines advise doctors to prescribe an SGLT2 inhibitor.

GLP-1 receptor agonists work by increasing the amount of insulin the body produces and decreasing diabetes article amount of glucose that enters the bloodstream. It is an injectable drug. People may use it with metformin or alone.

Side effects include gastrointestinal problems, such as nausea and a loss of appetite. SLGT2 inhibitors are a new type of drug for lowering blood glucose levels. They work separately from insulin, and they may be useful for people who are not diabetes article to start using insulin.

People can take it by mouth. Diabetes article effects include a higher risk of urinary and genital infections and diabetes article. Learn more about other medications diabetes article treatments for managing diabetes by clicking here. Self-monitoring blood sugar levels is vital for effective diabetes managementhelping to regulate meal scheduling, physical activity, and when to take medication, including insulin.

While self-monitoring blood glucose SMBG machines vary, they will generally include a meter and test strip for generating readings and a lancing device to prick the skin for obtaining a small quantity of blood, diabetes article. Refer to the specific instructions of a meter in every case, as machines will differ.

However, the following precautions and diabetes article will apply to many of the machines on the market:. A person who is self-monitoring diabetes uses a device called a lancet to prick the skin. While the idea of drawing blood might cause distress for some people, the lancing of the finger to obtain a blood sample should be a gentle, simple procedure. While remembering to self-monitor involves lifestyle adjustments, diabetes article, it need not be an uncomfortable process.

Diabetes is a serious, chronic condition. While diabetes itself is manageable, its complications can severely impact on daily living, and some can be fatal if not treated immediately. In the diabetes article of diabetes article disease, this complication can lead to kidney failure, diabetes article, water retention when the body does not dispose of water correctly, and a person experiencing difficulties with bladder control, diabetes article.

Regularly monitoring blood glucose levels and moderating glucose intake can help people prevent the more damaging complications of type 2 diabetes. For those with types 1 diabetes, taking insulin is the only way to moderate and control the effects of the condition. Diabetes is a life-changing condition that requires careful blood sugar management and a healthy lifestyle for a person to be able to manage it correctly.

There are several different types of the disease, diabetes article. Type I occurs when the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 happens when excess consumption of high-sugar foods flood the blood supply with glucose and reduce the production and effectiveness of insulin, diabetes article. People can take supplementary insulin to manage the condition and improve glucose absorption, diabetes article.

If a person has diabetes article, they can reduce the risk of full diabetes through regular exercise and a balanced, diabetes article, low-sugar diet. The complications of diabetes can be severe, including kidney failure and stroke, so managing the condition is vital. If prediabetes causes no symptoms, how do I know I have it and take steps to reverse the condition? The risk diabetes article are listed above, and different groups have slightly different recommendations about when and how often to screen.

Most of the time, we use a test called a hemoglobin A1C that tells us how you have controlled your sugars over the previous 3 months. This test can also tell your doctor how likely it diabetes article that you will develop diabetes in the near future — the higher the level, then the more likely this is.

The main steps to reverse prediabetes are the same things we talk about above — losing weight if you are overweight, getting regular exercise, and eating a balanced diet. Article last reviewed by Thu 8 November Visit our Diabetes category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up diabetes article our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Diabetes.



diabetes article


Intended for busy health care professionals with little time to review articles in depth, Diabetes Core Update discusses the latest research published in ADA journals and how it can be applied in a treatment setting. New episodes are posted monthly. Some people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it. With type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to insulin and doesn't use insulin as well as it should. Not all people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. There are other causes of diabetes, and some people cannot be classified as type 1 or type 2. The Diabetes page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine.