Case Study Method in Psychology | Simply Psychology

 

case studies definition

Yes, while a teacher will not ask you to give the case study definition as one of your exam questions, everything you will ever do with this kind of research will eventually boil down on your ability to understand the definition of the term which exposes you to what it really is. The case study means an in-depth and detailed analysis of a. Case study definition: A case study is a written account that gives detailed information about a person, group, | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Case study definition, a study of an individual unit, as a person, family, or social group, usually emphasizing developmental issues and relationships with the environment, especially in order to compare a larger group to the individual unit. See more.


Case study - Wikipedia


By Saul McLeodupdated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, case studies definition, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i.

In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past i. The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies, case studies definition.

What is an example of a case study in psychology? Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans.

Freud a, b conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome their illnesses. Even today case histories are one of the main methods of investigation in abnormal psychology and psychiatry.

This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i. There is an ethical issue case studies definition competence. Only someone qualified to diagnose and treat a person can conduct a formal case study relating to atypical i. How is a case study conducted? The procedure used case studies definition a case study means that the researcher provides a description of the behavior.

This comes from interviews and other sources, case studies definition, such as observation. Case studies definition client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view. The researcher then writes up the information from both sources above as the case study, and interprets the information.

The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, case studies definition it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.

Most of this information is likely to be qualitative i. How to analyze case study data. The data collected can be analyzed using different theories e. All the approaches mentioned here use preconceived categories in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i. Interpreting the information means the researcher case studies definition what to include or leave out.

A good case study should always make clear which information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher. Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension case studies definition experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.

Case studies are often used in exploratory research. They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods. They are an important way of illustrating theories and can help show how different aspects of a person's life are related to each case studies definition. The method is therefore important for psychologists who adopt a holistic point of view i.

The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of "similar" instances. Because they are based on the analysis of qualitative i. This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means, case studies definition.

For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior e.

Little Hans, case studies definition. Diamond, M. Freud, S. Analysis of a phobia of a case studies definition year old boy. How to reference this article:. McLeod, S. Case study method. Toggle navigation. Download this article as a PDF. Further Information. How to reference this article: McLeod, S. Back to top.

 

Definition of Case Study – PressAcademia

 

case studies definition

 

Case study definition, a study of an individual unit, as a person, family, or social group, usually emphasizing developmental issues and relationships with the environment, especially in order to compare a larger group to the individual unit. See more. Yes, while a teacher will not ask you to give the case study definition as one of your exam questions, everything you will ever do with this kind of research will eventually boil down on your ability to understand the definition of the term which exposes you to what it really is. The case study means an in-depth and detailed analysis of a. Jul 09,  · A case study is a descriptive and exploratory analysis of a person, group or event. A case study reserach can be single or multiple case studies, includes quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence and benefits from the prior development of theoritical propositions.